What material is a sweatshirt made of (common knowledge about sweatshirt fabrics)

Sweatshirt first appeared in New York, USA in the 1930s. In order to provide work clothes for the cold storage workers at that time, because of its comfortable and warm characteris…

Sweatshirt first appeared in New York, USA in the 1930s. In order to provide work clothes for the cold storage workers at that time, because of its comfortable and warm characteristics, it was favored by athletes, and soon became popular among the girlfriends of football players and music stars.

The style of sweatshirts is generally large and generous, taking into account both fashion and functionality. Combining the characteristics of comfort and fashion, it is a popular casual clothing among customers, and has gradually become the first choice for young people for street sports.

Knowledge about common fabrics for sweatshirts

1. Terry cloth

Terry cloth is Varieties of knitted fabrics. During weaving, certain yarns appear as loops on the remaining yarns of the fabric in a certain proportion and stay on the surface of the fabric, which is terry cloth. It can be divided into single-sided terry and double-sided terry. Terry cloth is usually thicker, and the terry part can hold more air, so it has warmth retention properties and is mostly used for autumn and winter apparel. The terry part is brushed and can be processed into flannel, which has a lighter and softer feel and better thermal insulation performance.

Advantages: good strength, soft touch, and warmth retention sex, breathability.

Disadvantages: easy to sag.

2. Fleece

Because fleece is assembled in different ways and uses different materials, there are so many types of fleece that it is not easy to summarize them. In order to facilitate selection and use, they are classified according to different functions. Fleece used outdoors can roughly achieve the following functions: warm, windproof, lightweight, quick-drying, wear-resistant, stretchable, easy to compress, easy to care for, anti-static, water-repellent, etc. Common fleece used outdoors Most velvet realizes one or more of the functions, so if there are still many subdivisions, here we will simplify it into two categories according to the main functions, one is warmth; the other is windproof. In fact, fleece is often a combination of multiple functions, and is only roughly classified for easy reference when choosing. No matter what kind of fleece material, thickness is still the main basis for determining the thermal insulation performance. In addition, the feeling of cold and warm is still a matter that varies from person to person and cannot be generalized. The compressibility mentioned here is only a relative comparison between fleece materials. Simply put, fleece is a process that produces shorter velvet on the fabric or inner material.

Advantages: light weight, same weight fleece The warmth retention is much better than wool; and it has excellent properties such as breathability, capillary drainage and isolation and insulation.

Disadvantages: The light resistance is relatively poor, and it will be damaged during cleaning and ironing. Pay special attention, and fleece fabrics cannot be exposed to the sun.

3. Cashmere

Cashmere is also called polar fleece. It is woven by a circular knitting machine. After being woven, the gray fabric is first dyed, then brushed, carded, sheared, and polarized. Processed by various complex processes, the fabric is brushed on the front, fluffy and dense but not easy to shed or pill, and the fabric is brushed on the back to be sparse and symmetrical, with excellent fluffy and elasticity. Its ingredients are generally pure polyester and soft to the touch.

Advantages: The front side of the fabric is brushed, the grains are fluffy and dense and not easy to shed or pill, and the reverse side is brushed Sparse and even, short of villi, clear tissue texture, fluffy and very elastic. It has good thermal insulation effect, and polar fleece can also be combined with all fabrics to make it more effective in keeping out the cold.

Disadvantages: The technology is not perfect yet, the price is relatively high, and the product quality varies, and may be more likely to cause illnesses such as asthma.

4. Silver fox velvet

The main fabric components are polyester and spandex, of which 92% is polyester, 8% is spandex, and the yarn count is 144F. Silver fox velvet, also called sea velvet or mink velvet, is actually a type of warp-knitted spandex super-soft fabric. It can also be called warp-knitted elastic velvet and is a silk-type fabric.

Advantages: The fabric has excellent elasticity, fine texture, softness and comfort, no pilling, and no fading.

Disadvantages: Newly purchased silver fox velvet products will begin to shed a small amount of hair, which will decrease after a period of use. In the dry season, silver fox velvet will Velvet easily generates static electricity and the fabric is not very breathable.

5. Lamb’s wool

Sheep’s cashmere itself is not a standard term, it is a commonly used name by merchants, and it belongs to imitation cashmere.

Lamb’s wool products (4 photos) imitation cashmere (fake lamb’s wool) chemistry The ingredients are 70% polyester and 30% nitrile. It is produced using high-speed warp knitting machines and is widely used in home textiles, clothing, and toys.

Advantages: The appearance of lambswool is beautiful and has a certain fluffy feel. The fabric is easy to shape and is favored by designers. The fabric has good elasticity and breathability, and this type of fabric is very comfortable to wear.

Disadvantages: After all, lambswool is still chemical fiber, and its quality and function are definitely not as good as cashmere. Okay, so when we buy cashmere products, we must learn to identify the authenticity of the fabric.

6. No velvet

On an ordinary high-speed warp knitting machine without a terry comb, the front comb is used to perform a long yarn-laying movement on the back of the needle, so that a long extension line is produced on the surface of the fabric. The elastic restoring force of the spandex material is used to form terry loops on the surface. During finishing, the long extension lines are cut to form a velvet surface. The warp knitted velvet fabric produced by this method is also called “non-falling velvet”.

“Non-falling velvet” is a type of warp-knitted stretch velvet. This kind of pile fabric is similar to velvet fabric. The fabric has excellent luster, elasticity and soft hand feel. It is an excellent fabric for making high-end fashion, tight clothing and decorative items.

Advantages: velvet-free fabric has a long service life, It will not deform or fade after multiple washes. It also has good elasticity, strong gloss and excellent warmth retention.

Disadvantages: Non-velvet fabrics are prone to sticking to lint and dust. , and it will easily generate static electricity after being used for a long time.

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Author: clsrich