Popular Yarns | Have you seen intentionally exposed white core-spun yarns?

Core-spun yarn series products have always been an important branch of the textile market. This series of products has a wide variety and variety, which can highlight the wearing p…

Core-spun yarn series products have always been an important branch of the textile market. This series of products has a wide variety and variety, which can highlight the wearing personality of clothing, and is quite popular in the domestic and foreign textile and clothing markets.

Core-spun yarn is generally made of synthetic fiber filament with good strength and elasticity as the core filament, and is wrapped with cotton, wool, viscose fiber and other short fibers and twisted together. It also has a filament core. Excellent properties of yarn and wrapped short fibers.

The more common core-spun yarn is polyester-cotton core-spun yarn, which uses polyester filament as the core yarn and is wrapped with cotton fiber. There is also spandex core-spun yarn, which uses spandex filament as the core yarn and is wrapped with other fibers. However, due to the outer covering of inelastic short fibers, the core filaments are generally exposed when stretched. It causes the fabric surface to appear white, affecting the appearance of the fabric and the overall value of the product.

The new pure cotton sheath-core structure core-spun yarn overcomes the shortcomings of the traditional core-spun yarn. The outer fiber is made of pure cotton fiber, and the core yarn is made of pure cotton spun yarn. The inner and outer fiber properties are consistent during dyeing. The coloring is even during the process. Since the yarn is spun with a lower twist, the yarn feels fluffy and soft. The knitted fabrics or denim fabrics woven with it have clear and smooth textures, can stretch freely when worn, are comfortable and fit, are high in strength and wear-resistant.

New pure cotton leather core

Characteristics and production difficulties of structural core-spun yarn

1. Characteristics of new pure cotton sheath-core structural yarn

This kind of yarn can meet the weaving requirements of the post-process by using a lower twist. (Except for air-jet looms), the yarn has less hairiness and the knitted fabric has less skew. It feels soft, has good water absorption and even dryness. Compared with the traditional cotton-wrapped filament core-spun yarn process, a better coating effect can be achieved when the twist is not high.

Since the outer fiber and the core yarn are made of the same material, the dyeing uniformity is good, and the dyeing can be Improve the overall quality of the product. Since a single yarn is used as the core yarn, the yarn twist is not required to be high. The yarn is uniform and soft, has high strength, can meet the requirements of high-speed weaving, and is widely used.

If colored cotton is used as the outer fiber, pure cotton single yarn as the core Yarn can achieve a unique white-out effect. As a yarn for imitating denim, it has a unique style.

2. Production technology of new pure cotton sheath-core structure core-spun yarn Difficulty Analysis

Produced on existing equipment, space and core yarn feeding In the way of givingIt is limited, so it is necessary to make some improvements to the spinning equipment, rationally use the space above the roving spindle frame (roof) of the spinning frame to install the core wrapping device, and use aluminum tubes as the core yarn passage, which can effectively reduce the adsorption of dust and hairiness. effect. Reasonably configure the ratio of core yarn and outer fiber to optimize the spinning tension and ensure uniform coverage. High-pressure gas is used to bring the core yarn from the inlet above the aluminum tube to the outlet below the aluminum tube to facilitate workers’ operation. In the production process, it is necessary to optimize the core yarn count through experiments and select a reasonable core yarn package form.

New pure cotton leather core

Selection of process parameters in production

1. Selection of core yarn count

The product requires low twist , soft to the touch, but strong enough not to affect weaving efficiency. If traditional spinning technology is used, low twist cannot guarantee strength and the spinning efficiency is also very low. Therefore, we use various experimental plans to determine the ratio of core yarn to outer fiber.
A large number of experimental results show that core-wrapped Yarns with a core yarn ratio of 10-40% can be produced, but only by selecting the appropriate ratio of core yarn to outer fiber can the yarn strength index be guaranteed. When the core yarn ratio is 25-30%, the yarn strength index is better. If it is lower than this ratio, the strength of the core-spun yarn will be significantly lower; if it is higher than this ratio, the outer cotton fibers will be entangled weakly, making it difficult to form a yarn. There are many broken heads, and the strength cannot be guaranteed. In the end, we chose C58.3 package with 14.6tex (the finished yarn is 58.3tex, the core yarn 14.6tex is ordinary ring-spun spun yarn, the twist coefficient is 420, and the breaking strength is 15N/tex). The core yarn accounts for about 25%. At this time, the spinnability Best, the product quality can meet the weaving requirements.

2. Selection of core yarn package form

At present, textile mills generally use two core yarn packaging forms, package yarn packaging and bobbin yarn Packed in rolls. The core yarn is usually a parallel package package, or a traditional tapered package can be used, using axial unwinding. Through comparative experiments, we chose to use the flat yarn package with the best spinnability. During the unwinding process, appropriate unwinding tension must be maintained to ensure that the core yarn does not relax. There is no need for a spandex yarn pre-drafting device used to produce traditional spandex core-spun yarn. The winding length of the package yarn is long, and there are fewer yarn changes at joints, which effectively ensures the quality of the yarn and reduces the labor intensity of workers. The self-developed device is used to solve technical problems such as package yarn unwinding and core yarn transportation.

3. Selection of twist

In order to achieve a certain yarn strength, elastic yarn or filament core-spun yarn is generally The twist coefficient of the core-spun yarn will be controlled at around 400. The new pure cotton sheath-core structure core-spun yarn uses a single yarn as the core yarn, so the twist factor is not high. In order to achieve the characteristics of the product being soft, comfortable, high-strength and suitable for weaving. , we selected a core-spun yarn with a core yarn of 14.6tex for the twist optimization experiment. The yarn strength of 698.4cN can fully guarantee the normal weaving requirements of the yarn, so it is no longer necessary to use a higher twist coefficient for production. /p>

4. Choice of cotton

Based on long-term production practice and comprehensive consideration of efficiency and yarn strength, we choose C58.3T cotton as the covering yarn For cotton blending, choose C18.2A cotton as the core yarn and cotton. All the tested indicators of this product are higher than the national cotton natural yarn standard GB/T 398-93. The quality is stable and the production is smooth. Customers have reported after using it to produce high-end fabrics that the fabrics woven have unique styles and excellent performance.

Four Conclusion

Traditional cotton-spandex core-spun yarn is not allowed to show white since the core yarn is spandex yarn. However, some manufacturers have improper production management during the production process, often causing “missing wire” defects. The new type of pure cotton sheath-core structure core-spun yarn has a unique approach. According to the needs of the fabric style, colored cotton is used as the outer fiber, and the natural color cotton yarn is used as the core yarn, which deliberately produces a whitening phenomenon, so that the white pure cotton core yarn is exposed, showing a white appearance on the fabric. The unique style can be used to imitate denim fabrics. Due to the low twist of the yarn, the fabric feels soft and is suitable for yarn-dyed clothing such as towels and denim. The yarn can be used for both knitting and weaving. The fullness, bulkiness, softness and other wearing properties of the fabric are greatly improved. The product is favored by many customers and is in line with market trends.

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Author: clsrich